Founded by Atisha in the 10th century.
The most important teaching of the Kadampas became known by the name Lo-Jong("training the mind"). This school did not survive as an independent tradition
in Tibet. A newly formed Kadampa tradition has been expanding in the West after 1970.
"Oral transmission lineage"
The teaching were brought to Tibet from India in the 11th century by
Marpa. The central teaching is the "great seal" (mahamudra) and the
six dharmas of Naropa.
"school of the Ancients"
The oldest Buddhist traditions of Tibet.
The teaching were brought to Tibet from India in the 8th century
by Padmasambhava, Vimalamitra, and Vairochana.
The central teaching is "dzochen". The systematization of the
dzochen teaching by Lonchenpa and his commentary on it are considered
This school named after the Sakya ("Gray Earth") monastery, located in
southern Tibet. The monastery were founded in the year 1073, its abbots
devoted themselves primarily to the transmission of a cycle of Vajrayana
teaching known by the name of "path and goal"(Lamdre).
The central teaching is to create a systematic order for the Tantric
writing (Tantra) as well the problem of Buddhist logic.